Tree & Shrub Seeds

For over 35 years, Nova Tree has sustainably collected conifer, hardwood, & shrub seeds from natural stands in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island.

 

Our most popular seeds are Nova Scotian Abies balsamea (Balsam fir) and Cornus canadensis (bunchberry dogwood). Because seed crop quality of many trees and shrubs varies from year to year, not all species are available at all times. Please check stock availability below.

 

All coniferous seed is cleaned and de-winged. All seed is kept in cold storage.

  • Order seed by email through karen@novatree.ca (preferred) or by phone at 902-662-3129.
  • Payment is accepted by Visa, MasterCard, or Cheque.
  • Shipping by Canada Post Expedited (in Canada) or FedEx Air (in the USA) is charged at cost.
  • Phytosanitary certificates, if required, are $20 each.

Conditions & Receiving Instructions

Conditions: Seeds are sold without warranty, expressed or implied, as to phenotypical expression and productiveness. A germination test determines the maximum germination potential (i.e., viability) of each seed lot. The germination rate of a particular seed lot is a key indicator as to how that seed will perform in the field.

 

Receiving and Storage: Tree and shrub seeds are perishable. Immediately upon their arrival, all shipments should be carefully unpacked, inspected, and placed in proper storage. Please notify us immediately regarding any problems with seed condition, quality of stock received, or quantity of stock received.

 

Claims: Claims must be made in writing within 7 days of the shipment arrival date. If the buyer does not give notice, the buyer agrees to have unconditionally accepted the goods. Nova Tree will not consider claims for seed that has been modified by the buyer in any way, whether through cleaning, processing, improper storage, planting, or otherwise. Claims for losses while goods are in transit must be filed directly with the carrier.

Conifers

Common nameBotanical name1 pkg
(100± seeds)
1 oz
¼ lb
½ lb
1 lb
1 kg
In stock?
Balsam Fir
(Inland NS)
Abies balsamea
$7.⁰⁰
$22.⁰⁰
$44.⁰⁰
$66.⁰⁰
$110.⁰⁰
$242.⁰⁰
✓ (10+ lbs)
Balsam Fir
(Sheet Harbour, NS)
Abies balsamea
$7.⁰⁰
$25.⁰⁰$50.⁰⁰$75.⁰⁰$125.⁰⁰$275.⁰⁰✓ (250+ lbs)
Bracted Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea
var. phanerolepis
$7.⁰⁰$55.⁰⁰$110.⁰⁰
$165.⁰⁰
$275.⁰⁰
$605.⁰⁰
✓ (250+ lbs)
Fraser FirAbies fraseri$7.⁰⁰$63.⁶⁰$127.²⁰$238.⁵⁰$318.⁰⁰$699.⁶⁰✓ (under 5 lbs)
Balsam Fir (Inland NS)

Botanical name: Abies balsamea
Common name(s): Balsam fir
Source: Inland Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 3 – 6
Height range: 45′ – 75′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soil
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 15 – 30 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 55000
Comments: Popular Christmas tree choice

 

Balsam Fir (Sheet Harbour, NS)

Botanical name: Abies balsamea
Common name(s): Balsam fir
Source: Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 3 – 6
Height range: 45′ – 75′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soil
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 15 – 30 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 55000
Comments: Popular Christmas tree choice

 

Bracted Balsam Fir

Botanical name: Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis
Common name(s): Bracted balsam fir, Canaan fir
Source: Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 3 – 6
Height range: 45′ – 75′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soil
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 15 – 30 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 63560
Comments: Balsam fir variety that resembles Fraser fir; bottle-brush foliage; good needle retention

 

Fraser Fir

Botanical name: Abies fraseri (also classified Abies balsamea subsp. fraseri)
Common name(s): Fraser fir
Source: United States
Hardiness zone: 4 – 7
Height range: 30′ – 40′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, acidic sandy loam
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 15 – 30 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 44000
Comments: Popular Christmas tree choice due to conical form, strong limbs, mild fragrance, soft needles, and excellent needle retention

 

Hardwoods

Common nameBotanical name1 pkg
(100± seeds)
1 oz
¼ lb
½ lb
1 lb
1 kg
In stock?
Red Maple
Acer rubrum
$7.⁰⁰
$11.⁰⁰
$22.⁰⁰
$33.⁰⁰
$55.⁰⁰
$121.⁰⁰
✓ (under 5 lbs)
Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum
$7.⁰⁰$7.⁰⁰
$14.⁰⁰
$21.⁰⁰
$35.⁰⁰
$77.⁰⁰
✓ (8+ lbs)
Red Maple

Botanical name: Acer rubrum
Common name(s): Red maple, swamp maple, water maple, soft maple
Source: Nova Scotia & New Brunswick
Hardiness zone: 3 – 9
Height range: 40′ – 100′
Growing information: Transplants easily; tolerates many different soil conditions
Pretreatment of seed: Before planting, cold water soak for 2 – 5 days
Seed type: Winged
Average seeds per pound: 30000
Comments: Beautiful fall colour; useful as a specimen tree for lawns and streets

 

Sugar Maple

Botanical name: Acer saccharum
Common name(s): Sugar maple, rock maple
Source: Canada
Hardiness zone: 4 – 8
Height range: 60′ – 100′
Growing information: Prefers well-drained, fertile soil; does not tolerate salt or pollution
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 60 – 90 days
Seed type: Winged
Average seeds per pound: 12000
Comments: Excellent shade tree for lawns, parks, and streets

 

Shrubs

Common nameBotanical name1 pkg
(100± seeds)
1 oz
¼ lb
½ lb
1 lb
1 kg
In stock?
Speckled AlderAlnus incana
subsp. rugosa

$7.⁰⁰
$28.⁰⁰
$56.⁰⁰
$84.⁰⁰
$140.⁰⁰
$308.⁰⁰
✓ (5+ lbs)
Bunchberry DogwoodCornus canadensis
$7.⁰⁰
$350.⁰⁰
—sold out—
Red Osier DogwoodCornus sericea
subsp. sericea

$7.⁰⁰
$13.⁸⁰
$27.⁶⁰
$41.⁴⁰
$69.⁰⁰
$151.⁸⁰
✓ (10+ lbs)
ChokecherryPrunus virginiana$7.⁰⁰
$2.⁴⁰
$4.⁸⁰$7.²⁰$12.⁰⁰
$26.⁴⁰✓ (5+ lbs)
Wild RaisinViburnum cassinoides
$7.⁰⁰
$15.⁴⁰
$30.⁸⁰
$46.²⁰
$77.⁰⁰
$169.⁴⁰
✓ (under 5 lbs)
American CranberrybushViburnum trilobum
$7.⁰⁰
$16.⁰⁰
$32.⁰⁰
$48.⁰⁰
$80.⁰⁰
$176.⁰⁰✓ (5+ lbs)
Speckled Alder

Botanical name: Alnus incana subsp. rugosa
Common name(s): Speckled alder, grey alder
Source: Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 3 – 6
Height range: 15′ – 25′
Growing information: Prefers moist areas along ponds and streams; tolerates poorer soils, including scree and shallow stony slopes
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 120 days
Seed type: Screened
Average seeds per pound: 600000
Comments: Shrub useful for land reclamation, re-forestation, and wildlife habitat

 

Bunchberry Dogwood

Botanical name: Cornus canadensis
Common name(s): Bunchberry dogwood, creeping dogwood, Canadian bunchberry, Canadian dwarf cornel, crackerberry, quatre-temps
Source: Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 2 – 6
Height range: 3″ – 9″
Growing information: Prefers cool, moist, acidic soil; grows well under pines
Pretreatment of seed: Warm stratify for 3 – 5 months, then cold stratify for 3 months
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 60000
Comments: Forest ground-cover that forms a carpet-like mat; white flowers and edible scarlet fruits

 

Red Osier Dogwood

Botanical name: Cornus sericea subsp. sericea
Common name(s): Red osier dogwood, redstem dogwood, American dogwood, red willow, red-rood
Source: New Brunswick
Hardiness zone: 2 – 8
Height range: 7′ – 9′
Growing information: Does best in moist soil; very hardy and adaptable
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 60 – 90 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 15500
Comments: Shrub with attractive dark red branches and twigs; useful for shrub borders, for mass planting in large areas, and for waterway bank soil retention and restoration

 

Chokecherry

Botanical name: Prunus virginiana
Common name(s): Chokecherry, bitter-berry, Virginia bird berry
Source: Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 2 – 6
Height range: 20′ – 30′
Growing information: Prefers fertile, moist, well-drained soil and full sun; tolerates light shade
Pretreatment of seed: Cold stratify for 120 days
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 5800
Comments: Shrub often suckers from the roots at the base of the stem; fruits are edible and attract birds

 

Wild Raisin

Botanical name: Viburnum cassinoides (also classified as Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides)
Common name(s): Wild raisin, witherod, possumhaw
Source: Nova Scotia
Hardiness zone: 5 – 9
Height range: 5′ – 10′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil
Pretreatment of seed: Warm stratify for 3 – 5 months, then cold stratify for 3 months
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 27000
Comments: Handsome, compact shrub with attractive fruit; useful for hedges and masses

 

American Cranberrybush

Botanical name:Viburnum trilobum (also classified as Viburnum opulus subsp. trilobum and Viburnum opulus var. americanum)
Common name(s): American cranberrybush, highbush cranberry, pembina, kalyna
Source: New Brunswick
Hardiness zone: 2 – 7
Height range: 8′ – 12′
Growing information: Prefers moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil
Pretreatment of seed: Warm stratify for 3 – 5 months, then cold stratify for 3 months
Seed type: Cleaned
Average seeds per pound: 11200
Comments: Shrub useful for hedges and screens; fruit is edible and attracts birds

 

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